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Мега таблица "убиец" на всички английски времена.

Мега таблица "убиец" на всички английски времена (table of all English tenses)

събрани на едно място със сигналните им думи, случаите на използване, формулите за съставяне и примери в положителна, отрицателна и въпросителна форма.

Simple Present or Present Simple
Просто сегашно време
Signal words Use Form (+) (-) (?)
every day
sometimes
always
often
usually
seldom
never
first ... then
  • something happens repeatedly
  • how often something happens
  • one action follows another
  • things in general
  • with the following verbs (to love, to hate, to think, etc.)
  • future meaning: timetables, programmes
infinitive
(he/she/it)
+ -s
I work. I don't work. Do I work?
He works. He doesn't work. Does he work?
I go. I don't go. Do I go?
He goes. He doesn't go. Does he go?
Present Progressive or Present Continuous
Сегашно продължително време
Signal words Use Form (+) (-) (?)
now
at the moment
Look!
Listen!
  • something is happening at the same time of speaking or around it
  • future meaning: when you have already decided and arranged to do it (a fixed plan, date)
to be
(am/are/is)
+ infinitive
+ -ing
I'm working. I'm not working. Am I working?
He's working. He isn't working. Is he working?
I'm going. I'm not going. Am I going?
He's going. He isn't going. Is he going?
Simple Past or Past Simple
Просто минало време
Signal words Use Form (+) (-) (?)
last ...
... ago
in 1990
yesterday
action finished in the past, mostly connected with an expression of time (no connection to the present)
regular: infinitive + -ed

irregular: 2nd column of table of irregular verbs
I worked. I didn't work. Did I work?
He worked. He didn't work. Did he work?
I went. I didn't go. Did I go?
He went. He didn't go. Did he go?
Past Progressive or Past Continuous
Минало продължително време
Signal words Use Form (+) (-) (?)
while
  • an action happened in the middle of another action
  • someone was doing sth. at a certain time (in the past) - you do not know whether it was finished or not
was/were + infinitive + -ing I was working. I wasn't working. Was I working?
He was working. He wasn't working. Was he working?
I was going. I wasn't going. Was I going?
He was going. He wasn't going. Was he going?
Simple Present Perfect or Present Perfect
Сегашно перфектно (завършено) време
Signal words Use Form (+) (-) (?)
just
yet
never
ever
already
so far
up to now
since
for
recently
  • you say that sth. has happened or is finished in the past and it has a connection to the present
  • action started in the past and continues up to the present
have/has + past participle I have worked. I haven't worked. Have I worked?
He has worked. He hasn't worked. Has he worked?
I have gone. I haven't gone. Have I gone?
He has gone. He hasn't gone. Has he gone?
Present Perfect Progressive or Present Perfect Continuous
Сегашно перфектно (завършено) продължително време
Signal words Use Form (+) (-) (?)
all day
the whole day
how long
since
for
  • action began in the past and has just stopped
  • how long the action has been happening
  • emphasis: length of time of an action
have/has + been + infinitive + -ing I have been working. I haven't been working. Have I been working?
He has been working. He hasn't been working. Has he been working?
I have been going. I haven't been going. Have I been going?
He has been going. He hasn't been going. Has he been going?
Simple Past Perfect or Past Perfect (Simple)
Просто минало перфектно (завършено) време
Signal words Use Form (+) (-) (?)
already
just
never
  • mostly when two actions in a story are related to each other: the action which had already happened is put into Past Perfect, the other action into Simple Past
  • the past of Present Perfect
had + past participle I had worked. I hadn't worked. Had I worked?
He had worked. He hadn't worked. Had he worked?
I had gone. I hadn't gone. Had I gone?
He had gone. He hadn't gone. Had he gone?
Past Perfect Progressive or Past Perfect Continuous
Просто минало перфектно (завършено) продължително време
Signal words Use Form (+) (-) (?)
how long
since
for
how long something had been happening before something else happened had + been + infinitive + ing I had been working. I hadn't been working. Had I been working?
He had been working. He hadn't been working. Had he been working?
I had been going. I hadn't been going. Had I been going?
He had been going. He hadn't been going. Had he been going?
will - future
Бъдещо време с will
Signal words Use Form (+) (-) (?)
-
  • predictions about the future (you think that sth. will happen)
  • you decide to do sth. spontaneously at the time of speaking, you haven't made a decision before
  • main clause in type I of the if clauses
will + infinitive I'll work. I won't work. Will I work?
He'll work. He won't work. Will he work?
I'll go. I won't go. Will I go?
going to - future
Бъдещо време с going to
Signal words Use Form (+) (-) (?)
-
  • when you have already decided to do sth. in the future
  • what you think what will happen
to be (am/are/is) + going to + infinitive I'm going to work. I'm not going to work. Am I going to work?
He's going to work. He's not going to work. Is he going to work?
I'm going to go. I'm not going to go. Am I going to go?
He's going to go. He's not going to go. Is he going to go?
Future Progressive or Future Continuous
Бъдещо продължително време
Signal words Use Form (+) (-) (?)
-
  • An action will be in progress at a certain time in the future. This action has begun before the certain time.
  • Something happens because it normally happens.
will + be + infinitive + ing I'll be working. I won't be working. Will I be working?
He'll be working. He won't be working. Will he be working?
I'll be going. I won't be going. Will I be going?
He'll be going. He won't be going. Will he be going?
Simple Future Perfect or Future Perfect Simple
Просто бъдеще перфектно (завършено) време
Signal words Use Form (+) (-) (?)
- sth. will already have happened before a certain time in the future will + have + past participle* I'll have worked. I won't have worked. Will I have worked?
He'll have worked. He won't have worked. Will he have worked?
I'll have gone. I won't have gone. Will I have gone?
He'll have gone. He won't have gone. Will he have gone?
Future Perfect Progressive or Future Perfect Continuous
Бъдещо перфектно (завършено) продължително време
Signal words Use Form (+) (-) (?)
-
  • sth. will already have happened before a certain time in the future
  • emphasis: length of time of an action
will + have + been + infinitive + ing I'll have been working. I won't have been working. Will I have been working?
He'll have been working. He won't have been working. Will he have been working?
I'll have been going. I won't have been going. Will I have been working?
He'll have been going. He won't have been going. Will he have been working?
Conditional Simple
Просто условно време
Signal words Use Form (+) (-) (?)
-
  • sth. that might happen
  • main clause in type II of the Conditional sentences
would + infinitive I would work. I wouldn't work. Would I work?
He would work. He wouldn't work. Would he work?
I would go. I wouldn't go. Would I go?
He would go. He wouldn't go. Would he go?
Conditional Progressive or Conditional Continuous
Условно прогресивно време
Signal words Use Form (+) (-) (?)
-
  • sth. that might happen
  • emphasis: length of time of an action
would + be + infinitive + ing I would be working. I wouldn't be working. Would I be working?
He would be working. He wouldn't be working. Would he be working?
I would be going. I wouldn't be going. Would I be going?
He would be going. He wouldn't be going. Would he be going?
Conditional Perfect
Условно перфектно (завършено) време
Signal words Use Form (+) (-) (?)
-
  • sth. that might have happened in the past (It's too late now.)
  • main clause in type III of the if clauses
would + have + past participle* I would have worked. I wouldn't have worked. Would I have worked?
He would have worked. He wouldn't have worked. Would he have worked?
I would have gone. I wouldn't have gone. Would I have gone?
He would have gone. He wouldn't have gone. Would I have gone?
Conditional Perfect Progressive or Conditional Perfect Continuous
Условно перфектно продължително време
Signal words Use Form (+) (-) (?)
-
  • sth. that might have happened in the past (It's too late now.)
  • emphasis: length of time of an action
would + have + been + infinitive + ing I would have been working. I wouldn't have been working. Would I have been working?
He would have been going. He wouldn't have been going. Would he have been working?
I would have been going. I wouldn't have been going. Would I have been going?
He would have been going. He wouldn't have been going. Would he have been going?
А сега нека да си припомним

максимално обобщената таблица на английските глаголни времена, 

за да можем да обхванем цялата им система с един погред (щракнете върху таблицата за увеличение).
----
 

И ако все още не разбирате нещо за английските глаголни времена, 

нормално е, защото има и още изненади. За тях също сме помислили - ето Ви схема на "Линия на времето за английските глаголни времена" ...
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3 коментара:

  1. Анонимен12:31 сл.об.

    Няма да е лошо, ако след наименованието на всяко време, дадете едно изречение, като пример какво точно представлява това време.

    ОтговорИзтриване
  2. Много полезен урок!!! Благодаря за старанието!☺

    ОтговорИзтриване

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